Chinese-English Vocabulary Builder: Chinese Idioms

  1. 躊躇滿志 (chóu chú mǎn zhì)-To be immensely proud of one’s success; to be content.  躊躇: indecisive. 滿: satisfied. 志: will. 。
    例句: 小女畢業典禮當天,父母臉上泛溢著躊躇滿志的笑容。
    Example: On their daughter’s graduation day, her parents smiled from ear to ear with pride.
  2. 白璧微瑕(bái bì wēi xiá)-A slight blemish on a piece of white jade. Used to describe a small mistake . 白: white. 璧: a piece of jade with hole in it. 微: slight. 瑕: defect, flaw.
    例句: 就算是公司裡最年長的員工也會出錯,然而這小錯只是白璧微瑕而已無傷大雅。
    Example: Even the most senior staff in the company makes mistakes, but this one is just a small mishap that won’t hurt the company’s image.
  3. 突如其來 (tū rú qí lái)-An unexpected or sudden occurrence. 突: suddenly, abruptly, unexpectedly. 如: as if. 來: come.
    例句: 突如其來的雨把他淋成落湯雞。
    Example: She was drenched by the sudden rain.
  4. 無可匹敵 (wú kě pǐ dí)-Unparallelled; unique in kind or quality. 無: none. 可: able. 匹敵: to rival or equal.
    例句: 自國中他的英語能力便無可匹敵,所以他的托福考了滿分我們一點也不訝異。
    Example: His English language skills have been unparalleled to his peers since middle school, so we were not at all surprised when he got a perfect score on his TOEFL exam.
  5. 鍥而不捨 (qiè’ ér bù shě)-To persevere; to chisel away at something. 鍥: carve. 而: and. 不: not. 捨: give up.
    例句: 他鍥而不捨的精神促使他抵達終點,跑完馬拉鬆。
    Example: His perseverance pushed him to reach the finish line, completing the marathon.
  6. 冒冒失失 (mào mào shī shī)-Lacking care, acting in haste. 冒: risk. 失: to lose, to make a mistake, to neglect.
    例句: 他冒冒失失的態度讓老闆無法給予全權的信任。
    Example: Bob’s lack of attention to detail has made it difficult for Bob’s boss to extend his full trust.
  7. 一不做,二不休 (yī bù zuò, ‘èr bù xiū)-Either give up, or follow through from beginning to end. 不: no. 做: act, do. 休: to rest, to end.
    例句: 一不做,二不休,做事要持著有始有終的態度。
    Example: We should always finish what we’ve started. If you’re not going to follow through, don’t even start.

 

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References:
Merriam-Webster’s 11th Collegiate Dictionary.
MDBG Chinese-English Dictionary http://www.mdbg.net
Yahoo 奇摩字典 http://tw.dictionary.yahoo.com

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